Self guided tour

All Saints Church

Stand Three| Every object tells a story

There are many clues to how religious services were celebrated here. Some of these traditions still continue.

What is the High Altar?

The priest leads the main part of the service of the Mass (the Eucharist) here. The colour of the altar hangings reflects the church calendar.

High Altar

White or gold is for extra special occasions, like Christmas and Easter. Black is for funerals and Good Friday. Red hangings represent blood or fire. They are used on feast days of martyrs and the Holy Spirit. Purple hangings are for Advent (before Christmas) and Lent (before Easter). Green, meaning life and growth, is used for all other occasions. What colour is it today?

What’s that hole?

Look for the opening in the wall to the left of the High Altar. This rare surviving feature is called the Easter Sepulchre. It is at least 500 years old and was used in Easter services. A cross was placed in the opening on Good Friday. This represented the burial of Christ in his tomb. On Easter Day (Sunday) it was brought out again in triumph to celebrate when Jesus Christ rose again. A replica cross is still part of the Good Friday service.

Easter Sepulchre

Did you know?... The initials I.M.G are probably for Father Gillyott. He was a priest here from 1469 to 1475.

Hidden carvings

This oak chair offered hidden support for the weary. Beneath the tip-up seat is a ledge where they could lean. It’s called a misericord.

Oak chair

Clerks stood to sing daily services. The misericord let them rest, without fully sitting down, during the long services. Carvings are often hidden under the misericords, sometimes with humorous subjects not normally seen in a church.

Did you know?... misericord comes from the Latin word misericordia. It means pity or compassion.

What’s the bird?

The carving is a pelican and her chicks. This was a symbol of Christ and the Eucharist, when Christians take wine and bread to reenact the Last Supper.

Carving of a pelican and her chicks

Mother pelicans peck at their breasts for grooming. In the 1400s and 1500s, people thought they were feeding chicks with their own blood. The symbolic link was made between this and the wine which represents Christ’s blood.

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